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Relocating Fortune 500 Manufacturing from China to Central and South America

A Win-Win Strategy to Compete in Great Power Competition (GPC)



The dynamics of global business and geopolitics are constantly evolving, and one of the key trends in recent years has been the reevaluation of global supply chains and the repositioning of manufacturing hubs. The United States and its global economic partners are exploring new strategies to enhance economic resilience, boost regional influence, and address complex issues like immigration. One such strategy is the relocation of Fortune 500 businesses' manufacturing from China to Central and South America, which offers numerous benefits for all parties involved.


The China Conundrum

China has long been a manufacturing powerhouse, attracting multinational corporations with its low labor costs and vast production capabilities. However, this heavy reliance on China for manufacturing comes with its own set of risks, as exemplified by supply chain disruptions caused by various factors, including trade disputes, the COVID-19 pandemic, and geopolitical tensions.


Furthermore, the US and other Western countries have become increasingly worried about the human rights issues and environmental concerns associated with manufacturing in China. As a result, there is a growing momentum to diversify supply chains and reduce dependence on Chinese manufacturing. Relocating the US manufacturing base to Central and South America will hurt Chinese economics and their domestic domain while also diminishing their influence in the Western Hemisphere.


It is critical that United States has the lead role in influencing government, policy, military, and trade in the Western Hemisphere. Reducing dependence on manufacturing in China is crucial to diversify supply chains, mitigate geopolitical risks, and foster a more resilient global economy.


The Case for Central and South America

Moving the US manufacturing base to Central and South America is an attractive alternative for several reasons:


  • Geographic Proximity: Central and South America are geographically closer to the United States than East Asia, which significantly reduces shipping costs and delivery times. This proximity is especially advantageous for industries that rely on just-in-time inventory systems.

  • Trade Agreements: The United States has trade agreements in place with several countries in Central and South America, making it easier for American companies to establish manufacturing operations in the region.

  • Economic Development: Many countries in the region are eager to attract foreign investment and boost their manufacturing sectors. This presents an opportunity for US companies to partner with local governments and stimulate economic growth.

  • Lower Costs: While labor costs in Central and South America are generally higher than in China, they are still competitive, and the region offers a well-trained and skilled workforce. Additionally, other cost-saving advantages, such as reduced transportation costs and tariffs, offset the difference in labor costs.



The relocation of Fortune 500 manufacturing to Central and South America is not just about diversifying supply chains; it could also have significant implications for China's economy. As US companies gradually shift their operations away from China, it could lead to a slowdown in Chinese economic growth. To maintain competitiveness, China would need to adapt its economic strategy and find new sources of growth.


Currently China has a large influence throughout Central and South America due to their outreach and economic influence throughout the region. This poses a threat to the United States politically and militarily.


Our National Defense would be strengthened if the US were to gain greater influence over the Central and South American countries by moving the manufacturing operations of fortune 500 companies to the region. This would also increase US influence and decrease China’s influence within the Western Hemisphere. Additionally, the expansion of logistics along our southern borders would enable greater national security posture in times of disaster or conflict.


Addressing the Southern Border Issue

One of the most pressing issues facing the United States is the challenge of immigration, particularly from Central America. Illegal immigration places a burden on our government, healthcare, and education systems as well as in our national security posture. By promoting economic growth and job creation in the region, the United States can help address some of the root causes of migration. As job opportunities increase in Central America, there is less incentive for individuals to seek better prospects by crossing the US border.


By taking away the largest surveyed response to why people want to come into the US, it alleviates a large portion of illegal migration. The additional political and economic influence gained by moving manufacturing operations would also enable agreements to ensure Central and South American countries help mitigate illegal migration through the US southern border.


The relocation of Fortune 500 manufacturing from China to Central and South America is a strategic move that holds the potential to benefit multiple parties. It diversifies global supply chains, mitigates the risks associated with over-dependence on China, strengthens US influence in the Western Hemisphere, and contributes to the resolution of immigration issues. By taking these steps, countries involved can create a more resilient and interconnected global economy, where prosperity is shared, and challenges are collectively addressed.


For further discussion on this topic or other national security measures, please contact me at tony.thacker@i3solutions.com.


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